All Calcium Properties and Uses in Everyday Life

Calcium is one of the most important that you can easily find element to everybody so here are calcium properties and uses in our everyday life. It is a chemical element with the symbol Ca and the atom number of 20. It is also one of the alkaline soil metal and is the 5th most abundant element on the earth.

The first scientist who found and isolated the compound was an English chemist named Sir Humphry Davy in the 1808. It is also the 5th most abundant ion on the ocean when considered by the molarity and the mass (after sodium, chloride, magnesium, and sulfate). It is also the third compound on the second tow of the periodic table. The atom has 20 electrons and 20 protons. There are 2 valence electron on the outer skin. This compound is an important element for the well-being of the mother earth and also the 5th largest compound on the earth.

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The Basics Compound of Calcium

Calcium is very important for the living, especially for the cell physiology, where the movement of the the ions (Ca2+ ) on the inside and outside of the cytoplasm which is beneficial for its ability to work as a signal for many cellular process. As the main property  in the bone and shell mineralization, it has the most metal mass in the animals. In the chemistry world, the compound is reactive and soft for a metal compound (but people still consider it somewhat harder than lead, but it can be cut with knife although with a lot of work and pressure).

Calcium is a compound which is somewhat similar with silver, the extraction by electrolysis from a cohered salt like a chloride-calcium. In one production the compound could be easily make a covering white and grey oxidation and nitride when its exposed to the air. When it comes in bulk, this metal is rather hard to burn, but when its ignited, the metal will instantly burned in the air with a very radiant specs of red and orange lights.

The Compound Reaction to Its Surroundings

Here are more calcium properties and uses in our everyday life. Calcium reacts to water, which then discharge hydrogen gas with a rather fast speed but in a room temperature it’s not enough to create that much of heat. If it comes in a powder, the reaction with water is a lot faster, because it will increase the surface of the powder itself and fasten its reaction with water. The inaction of the calcium-water reaction resulting from the metal is partially shielded by insoluble white calcium-hydroxide. In acidic water solutions, where the salt is soluble, it reacts quickly.

The compound also has a higher electrical resistance than copper or aluminium, due to its lower density. This element is a better conductor than any other elements. However, the limit of its use in terrestrial applications is usually because of its rather high reactivity to air.

As a solution, the ions’ taste very different to humans, which are reported as a mild, acidic, and has “mineral-like” or even “shooting” taste. It is known that many animals has the ability to sense, and use this taste to define this mineral with licking the salt or other sources. As a human nutrient, soluble calcium salts might be added to tar juice without much effect on the taste in the palate.

Calcium is the richest and most abundant element mass in the human body, in which the common ionic messenger carriers with many functions. It’s also has a presentation as structural elements in the bone. the compound as a relatively high atom in the skeleton that cause the bone to be radio-opaque.

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The Characteristics and Properties of the Compound 

These are some of the characteristics and calcium properties and uses in our everyday life that you should know:

  • Symbols: Ca
  • Atomic number: 20
  • Atomic weight: 40, 078
  • Classification : Alkaline earth metal
  • Phase at room temperature : solid
  • Density : 1.55 grams per cm3
  • Melting point: 842 C or 1548 F
  • Boiling point: 1484 C or 2703 F
  • Discovered by: Sir Humphry Davy

In a standard condition it is a shining, silver-like metal. It is quite lenient and is the lightest from all the alkaline earth metal such as calcium-carbonate, dolomite, and gypsum because of its light mass. Although it has a rather bright silver colour when it first cut, it would rapidly turn into ashy grey and white when its exposed to fresh air. You will not find it easily in elemental form, but will find it easily throughout the earth mostly in the form of rocks and minerals such as limestone, dolomite and gyp. Calcium-carbonate is one of the main components of many rocks and minerals including limestone, marble, calcite and lime.

Isotope : Calcium has 4 stables isotopes including Ca-40, Ca-42, ca-43, and Ca-44. Two of its isotopes (Ca-46 and Ca-48) have a very long half-life and also is stable. Approximately 70% of it from the nature is in the form of Ca-40 isotope.

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Interesting Facts about Calcium

Indeed, there are many Calcium properties and uses in our everyday life but you may never know about this interesting facts of calcium:

  1. Most of the formation of the salts in the compound  in the water.
  2. the compound is very important element In shells and corals development.
  3. The amount of calcium in the body can affect the level of health and damage the liver.
  4. Some of the best sources of calcium for our body include dairy products such as cheese, yogurt, and milk. Other sources include salmon and tofu. Vitamin D is necessary for our body to absorb it.

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Various Compound and All the Great Things of Calcium

The list below will show you various types of the compound and its different way of use in our daily life:

  1. Calcium-hydroxide solution – also known as lime- to track the presence of carbon dioxide by bubbling through the solution. The solution will turn turbid when there is CO2 .
  2. Calcium-arsenate for the use as an intestine.
  3. Calcium-carbonate as an ingredient in the manufacture of cement and mortar, limestone (usually for the use in the steel industry) and also for the use in the glass making industry. This compound also has chemical and optical uses as mineral specimens in toothpaste.
  4. Calcium-carbide as an element to make acetylene gas (mainly for the acetylene fore for welding because heat can melt iron) and is also for the use in the manufacture of plastics. Because the resulting acetylene is a plastic monomer.
  5. Calcium cyclamate as a sweetener ingredient but is no longer licensed for its usage because of its nature.
  6. Calcium-chloride for the use in removing ice and to control dust in dirty street to make sure the conditioner remains intact. people also use it as an additive in canned tomatoes.
  7. Calcium-Sulfate  as an ingredient of regular in chalk. Also used as a form of hemihydrate which known by the name Paris Plasma.
  8. Calcium-tungstate is for the glistening, glowing paint and as an x-ray study.
  9. Calcium-stearate for the manufacturing of wax crayons, semen, certain types of plastics and also beauty stuffs/cosmetics, also as food additive. In the production or air-conditioning materials and in the production of paints too.
  10. Calcium-phosphide for the making/ manufacturing of fireworks, rodenticides, torpedoes, and flares.
  11. Calcium-permanganate  as the ingredient of rocket booster, textile production and also used in some dental procedure.

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The Good Stuffs It Does to Our Body

As we all know, calcium is very good for our teeth and bones. It supply our bones with tons of energy supplies it needs. This compound work like a supervisor that makes sure that our teeth and bones are strong and healthy. It will also repair the mass loss our bones may experienced because of aging and also refrain in from experiencing osteoporosis. It also helps the nutrition to move thoroughout the body to make sure all the good stuffs are delivered to its righteous recipients. most importantly, it’s also very important for the kids especially the ones who is going to go through puberty stage. Children have a very active and consumptive bones thus it will be very convenient if it gets the best amount of calcium it can gets. So, make sure to always supply enough dairy products such as fresh milk and cheese!

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