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30 Examples of Organic Compounds and Uses

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Organic compound is any chemical compound which contain carbon and also hydrogen atoms. Moreover, the form of list of organic chemicals can be gaseous, liquid or solid form. Commonly, there are two types of organic compounds namely natural organic compound and also synthetic organic compound. Here is a list of the examples of organic compounds and uses that we can find around us:

  1. Alkyl halides

Alkyl halides are an organic chemical compound which also can be called as haloalkalines. In this component, there are one or even more hydrogen atoms that have been replaced by halogen atoms such as fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine. The example of alkyl halides is carbon tetra chloride with formula CC14

  1. Organic acids

Organic acids are the organic chemical compound with acidic properties. Carboxylic acids are the most common organic acids. The examples of organic aicd are perchloric acid (HC104), (propanoic acid) CH3CH2COOH, (ethanoic acid ) CH3COOH, (hexanoic acid) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2COOH, (carbolic acid or hydroxybenzene, not IUPAC names) C6H5OH, (4-methylbenzenesulfonic acid) CH3C6H4SO3H, and many more.

The form of those acids is in solid state. This chemical compound is commonly used for oil and gas. It is much less reactive upon metals. The organic aicds are used in some food industry as list of food preservative due to their effects on bacteria.

  1. Steroid structures

Steroid structure create cholesterol and also other structures which derive from fats and lipids. The example of steroid structure is betamethasone.

  1. Aromatic compounds

Aromatic compound is also example of organic chemical compound which is also be called as arenes or aromatics. It contains conjugated planar ring system instead of alternating single and double bonds. This aromatic compounds are cyclic in nature but they are unsaturated, and have scent of their own for example Benzede which is used as a solvent.

  1. Amino acids

Amino acids are organic compound which contain amine (NH2) and carboxyl (COOH). This organic chemical compounds are the monomers which make proteins. In some industries, amino acids are used as additives as animal food. Other major usage of amino acid is glutamic acid that is used as flavor enhancer and aspartame, a low-calorie list artificial sweetener you should avoid.

  1. Polymers

The next example of organic compound is polymer. This chemical is a large molecule or macromolecule which is composed from some repeated sub-units. Polymers are made through polymerization from many small molecules which are known as monomers. This organic compound has two types namely natural polymeric and synthetic polymers.

The examples of natural polymeric are shellac, amber, wool, silk, natural rubber and cellulose. Meanwhile, the examples of synthetic polymers are synthetic rubber, phenol formaldehyde resin, neoprene, nylon, polyvinyl chloride, polystyrene, polyethlene, polypropylene, polyacrylonitrile, PVB, silicone and etc. Indeed, there are some examples of organic compounds and uses.

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  1. Petrochemicals

Petrochemicals are other kind of organic chemical compound. This chemical is also called as petrolium distillates which is derived from petroleum. Petrolium is commonly made from fossil fuels, such as coal, natural gas and other renewable resources (corn and sugar cane).

  1. Monosaccharides

Monosaccharides are the most basic unit of carbohydrates which means this is an example of organic chemical compound. It is also called as simple sugar and is colorless, water soluble and crystalline solids. The general formula or monosaccharides is CnH2nOn . as the simple sugar, monosaccharide mostly has sweet taste.

The examples of monosaccharides are: Allose, Altrose, Arabinose, Erythrose, Fructose, Galactose, Glucose, Gulose, Idose, Lyxose, Mannoheptulose, Mannose, Ribose, Ribulose, Sedoheptulose, Sorbose, Tagatose, Talose, Threose, Xylose,  Xylulose

  1. Disaccharides

Disaccharides are one of organic compound which also can be called as double sugar or biose. This is formed when two simple sugar (monosaccharides) are joined together by glycosidic linkage. The joined of two simple sugar happen by a condesation reaction, which the reaction involve the elimination of a water molecule from just the functional groups.

Then, the breaking double sugar into two simple sugar again is accomplished by hydrolysis and being helped by an enzyme called disaccharidase. The examples of disaccharide are Sucrose, Maltose, Trehalose, Lactose, Melibiose

  1. Polysaccharides

Polysaccharides are also example of the organic chemical compound. This compounds are plymeric carbohydrate molecules. It is commonly quite heterogeneous. Polysaccharides have enormouse industrial application. It is a natural renewable sources which can be used as aqueous environments which is able to thicken, chelate, emusify, stabilize, encapsulate, flocculate, swell and suspend, to form gels, films and also membranes.

The examples of polysaccharides are: Amylose, Amylopectin, Glycogen, Dextran, Inulin, Cellulose, Carboxymethyl Cellulose, Hemicellulose, Arabinoxylan, Chitin, Beta-Glucan, Glycosaminoglycans, Agar agar, Carrageenan, Galactomannan, Pectin, glucomannan, xanthan gum, and many more.

  1. Lipid

Lipid is a substance which is soluble in nonpolar solvents, it is naturally occuring molecules such as fats, waxes, sterols, fat soluble vitamis (vitamin A, D< E and K), monoglycerides, diglycerides, triglycerides, phospholipids, and many more.

The fats and also vitamins that lipd has can give benefits to human body as human need a dietary need for certain essential fatty acids such as omega-3 and omega -6 fatty acids. The consumption of fatty acid is good for infant development, to fight cardiovascular diseases and cancer, and some mental illness such as depression, hyperactivity disorder and also dementia.

The examples of lipid are: N-Acylethanolamine, Adipocere, 2-Arachidonyl glyceryl ether, Arachidonyl-2′-chloroethylamide, Arachidonylcyclopropylamide, Archaeol, Biolipid, Caldarchaeol, CDw17 antigen, Ceramide, Ceramide phosphoethanolamine synthase, Chlorosulfolipid, Diglyceride, N,N-Dimethylsphingosine, Ether lipid, Ethylhexyl palmitate, Fatty alcohol, Glyceride, Glycerolysis, Hardened fat, Interesterified fat and many more.

  1. Protein

Protein is macromolecules which consists of one or more chains of residues from amino acid. Protein performs some functions such as catalysing metabolic reaction, DNA replications and transporting molecules from a particluar location into another. Furthermore, mostly, protein consists of linear polymers that build from up to 20 different  L-α-amino acids.

The examples of protein are: Glucose transporter, Epidermal growth factor, Fibroblast growth factor, Vascular endothelial growth factor, Insulin, Insulin-like growth factor, Oxytocin, Androgens, Estrogens, Progesterones, Rhodopsin, Estrogen receptor, Histones, Protamines, CI protein, C-myc, FOXP2, FOXP3, MyoD, P53, Immunoglobins, Major histocompatibility antigens, T cell receptor, Ferritin, Protein C, Protein S, Protein Z, Protein Z-related protease inhibitor, Thrombin, Von Willebrand Factor, C-reactive protein, Cadherin, Ependymin, Integrin, NCAM, Selectin, CFTR, Glycophorin D, Scramblase, Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, GABAa receptors, Potassium channels, Calcium channels, Sodium channels, Actin, Arp2/3, Coronin, Dystrophin, FtsZ, Keratin, Llana Ganda, Collagen, Elastin, F-spondin, Pikachurin, Fibronectin, Serum Amyloid P Component, Serum albumin, C1-inhibitor, C3-convertase, Factor VIII, Factor XIII, and many more.

  1. Nucleic Acids

Nucleic acids, the overall name for DNA and RNA, are kind of organic chemical. It is a biopolymer or a large biomolecules which is essential to all forms of life. This chemical is composed from  monomers. Nucleic acids are the most important biomolecules which are found in all living things to create and encode then keep all the informations in the nucleus of every living cell of all organism.

The example of nucleic acids:  Inosine, Wybutoxosine, Pseudouridine, 2′-O-methylguanosine, Queuosine, 2′-O-methylcytidine, Dihydrouridine, N6-isopentenyladenosine, 1-methyladenosine, 1-methylpseudouridine, 2′-O-methylpseudouridine,Beta, D-galactosylqueuosine, 2-methyladenosine, 3-methylcytidine, 5-methylcytidine, N6-methyladenosine, 7-methylguanosine, 2,2-dimethylguanosine, 5-methoxyuridine, 2-thiocytidine, 2-thiouridine, 4-thiouridine, 5-methyluridine, Beta, D-mannosylqueuosine, 2′-O-methyluridine, Wybutosine, uridine-5-oxyacetic acid, and many more.

  1. Cycloalkanes

Cycloalkanes are included into organic compounds which is also known as naphthenes. It is the monocyclic saturated hydrocarbons which means it consists of hydrogen uses and carbon. Cycloalkanes is somehow similar to facts about alkanes but it has higher density, boiling and melting points than alkanes.

Furthermore, cycloalkanes can be used as a blowing agent of polyuethanes, and also be used as a building block for other molecules in synthetic type of organic compound. The examples of this organic chemical is Cyclopropane, Cyclobutane, Cyclopentane, Cyclohexane, Cycloheptane and Cyclooctane

  1. Straight chain alkanes

Straight chain alkanes or simply called alkanes or parafin are also called as the example of organic compound. Here is the straight chain and also branched alkanes and their common names of carbon atom, (R) means it is redictered to higher alkanes: Methane, Ethane, Propane, Butane, Pentane, Hexane, Heptane, Octane, Nonane, Decane, n-Undecane, n-Dodecane, n-Tridecane, n-Tetradecane, n-Pentadecane,  n-Hexadecane, n-Heptadecane, n-Octadecane, n-Nonadecane, n-Icosane, n-Henicosane(R), n-Docosane(R), n-Tricosane(R), n-Tetracosane, n-Pentacosane(R), n-Hexacosane(R), n-Heptacosane(R), n-Octacosane(R), n-Nonacosane, n-Triacontane(R), n-Hentriacontane, n-Dotriacontane(R), n-Tritriacontane(R), n-Tetratriacontane(R), n-Pentatriacontane(R), n-Hexatriacontane(R), n-Heptatriacontane, n-Octatriacontane, n-Nonatriacontane, n-Tetracontane(R)

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Other common organic compounds

Other examples of organic compounds and uses:

  1. Acid anhydrides
  2. Acyl halides
  3. Alcohols
  4. Aldehydes
  5. Alkenes
  6. Amides
  7. Amines
  8. Azo compounds
  9. Carboxylic acids
  10. Esters
  11. Ethers
  12. Imines
  13. Ketones
  14. Nitriles,
  15. Nitro compounds
  16. And, Organometallic compounds,  Phenols, Polymers, Thiols, Urea, Valium, Warfarin, Xylene, Xylose, Zingiberene

More Example of products with organic chemicals

There are many examples of organic compounds and uses. Organic compounds can be found in our daily life’s products in our home furniture, food, vehicle, skin and body treatment,  Shampoo, gasoline, perfume, lotion, drugs, food and food additives, soap, candles, natural gases, coal, wood, dyes, vitamin, asphalt, paper, insect repellent, moth balls, synthetic fabrics such as nylon, polyester, rayon, enzymes, nail polish remover, solvents, fertilizer and plastics

Caution notes

  1. Some experimental operations using organic compound (synthetic type) that should have operation limitation are vacuum distilations and photochemical reactions
  2. Do not use extreme care with gluconse when it is working with hot water. never let the water splash to your hands

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Post Date: Tuesday 17th, October 2017 / 03:40 Oleh :
Kategori : Organic Chemistry