There are 5 sub Branches of Chemistry but what is inorganic compound? Inorganic compound is any chemical compound which does not have carbon atom. Inorganic compounds are quite simple because they do not form the complex molecular bonds just like carbon makes possible. Then, what are some examples of inorganic compounds?
To simplify,branches of inorganic compound is any chemical substance which has two or more chemical elements, which is usually other than carbon, which are mixed, and almost always in definite proportions. Furthermore, this article will provide you some examples of inorganic compounds. Here are the list of examples of inorganic compounds:
1. Aluminium Chloride
What are some examples of inorganic compounds? Here are the first lists. Aluminium chloride (AlCl3) is a chemical compound of aluminium and chlorine. Its color is white but sometimes it is contaminated with iron (III) chloride and makes it appear more yellow. Usually, aluminium chloride is consumed in the production of aluminium metal but the large amount of it is used in chemical industry.
This chemical is commonly used Lewis acid and applied in chemical industry as a catalyst for Friedel-crafts reactions to produce detergents and ethylbenze. As you may want to know about Aluminium Uses and Properties
2. Aluminium Hydroxide
Aluminium hydroxide (Al(OH)3) is also one of inorganic compound. This chemical is found naturally as gibbsite or hydrargillite, which came from Greek word for water (hydra) and clay (argylles). The major uses of aluminium hydroxide is for the manufacture of other aluminium compounds, especially calcined aluminasm aluminium sulfate, polyaluminium chloride, aluminium chloride, zeolitesm sodium aluminate, activated alumina and aluminium nitrate.
3. Aluminium Nitrate
Aluminium nitrate with formula Al(NO3)3 is water soluble salt of aluminium and nitric acid. It is coloured white and mostly exist as the crystalline hydrate. Aluminium nitrate is a strong oxidizing agent and often used to make the leathers appear tanner, antiperspirants, corrosion inhibitors, extraction of petroleum refining, uranium and also nitrating agent. This chemical is also used in the laboratory and classroom study such as the following reaction:
Al(NO3)3 + 3 NaOH →
Al(OH)3 + 3 NaNO3
Borax with formula Na2B4O7•10H2O, is also known as sodium borate, sodium tetrabirate or sodium tetraborate. This chemical is a chemical component to make detergents, chemicals in cosmetics and also enamel glazes. It is also used as buffer solutions in applications of biochemistry which take role as fire retardant, as anti fungi compound, as flux in metallurgy, and a texture agent in baking.In artisanal gold mining, it is sometimes used as toxic mercury in a process of gold extraction.
Borane (BH3) is part of a large group which consist of 13 hydride compounds with generic formula BxHy. The boron’s high electron affinity for oxygen, these chemical compounds do not occur in the nature, hence it is called inorganic compound. Most boranes oxidise upon contact with air, the lighter explode violently. There are three most important boranes namely diborane (B2H6), pentaborane (B5H9) and decaborane (B10H14).
6. Cadium Chloride
Cadmium chloride (CdCl2) is a white crystal chemical compound which is a combination of cadmium and chloride. This chemical is highly soluble in the water but slightly soluble in the alcohol. The crystal component of this chemical is composed from two dimensional layers of ions. Furthermore, its formulas are also known as CdCl2•H2O and CdCl2•5H2O.
Cadium chloride is used to prepare or make cadimum sulfide. In the laboratorium, anhydrous CdCl2 is used to make organocadmium compounds of type R2Cd which used in ketones synthesis from acyl chlorides. Furthermore, this chemical compound is used for photocopying, dyeing and also electroplating.
7. Cadium Flouride
Cadmium fluoride with formula CdF2 is commonly cadmium’s water insoluble source. This chemical with other flouride compounds are used for (limited) medical tratment protocols. This chemical compound is made by the reaction of gaseous flourine (hydrogen flouride) with camium metal (or also with its salts namely chloride, oxide or sulfate)
8. Cadium Ioide
Cadmium iodide with formula CdI2 is an inorganic chemical compound which is a combination of cadmium and ioide. It has crystal structure which has strong polarization effects. This chemical compound is used in lithography, photography, electroplating and also in phosphors manifacturing.
9. Cadium sulfate
Cadmium sulfate with formula CdSO4 is one of inorganic chemical compound that is colorless and also highly soluble in water. this chemical compound is used for electroplanting of cadmium in electronic circuit.
10. Caesium bicarbonate
Caesium bicarbonate with formula CsHCO3 can be made by the reaction : Cs2CO3 + CO2 + H2O → 2 CsHCO3 . it is used to synthesize caesium salts.
11. Disulfur dichloride
Disulfur dichloride with formula S2Cl2 is other example of inorganic compound which is made from sulfur and chlorine. It has another name called sulfur monochloride. This chemical is used to introduce C-S (chloride and sulfur) bonds. Other uses of disulfur dichloride are synthetic rubbers, inserticides, polymerization catalyst for any kind of vegetable oils and to hardening soft woods.
12. Silica gel
Silica gel (SiO2•nH2O) is a beaded, glass like and porous form of silicon dioxide which is made synthetically from sodium silicate. This contains nano porous silica micro structed. The common application of silica gel is must be dried at first. This chemical compound is natural occur mineral which is processed and purified to be granular form, normally it has average pore size of 2.4 nanometres and has a strong affinity for molecules of water.
Silica gel is used to keep the relative humdity inside a satellite transmission as low as possible, and also to prevent the growth of mold and spoilage which can damage other items such as electronics. This is packed in a permeable bag.
13. Silicic acid
Silica acid with formula [SiOx(OH)4-2x]n is an inorganic chemical compound which is also general name for chemical family compound containing silicon elements to oxide and hydroxyl.
14. Sodium azide
Sodium azide with formula NaN3 is a colorless salts in the gas form component that we can find in many car airbag systems. This component is used to prepare other azide compounds, it is also high soluble in water and dangerously toxic. Sodium azide can be used in agricultural purposes as pest controller such as Meloidogyne incognita and also used to crop selected plants for example rice, barley and also oats.
The Sodium bicarbonate has various names such as baking soda and also sodium hydrogen carbonate. This is a chemical compound with formua NaHCO3. Sodium bicarbonate is a salt which is composed from sodium ions and also bicarbonate ions. Sodium bicarbonate has various uses for daily life such as pest controller, paint and corrosion remover, odor eliminator, medical uses, and also home appliances cleaner from silver-wares to floor.
16. Sodium bisulfite
Sodium bisulfite with formula NaHSO3 is also inorganic chemical compound which is used as a food additive with E number E222. It has various usage, the first usage is a mild reduce agent in some organic synthesis in purification procedures. The second usage is to remove traces or excess chlorine, bromine, iodine, hypochlorite salts, esmate esters, chromium trioxide, and also potassium permanganate.
17. Dichlorine monoxide
Dichlorine monoxide with formula Cl2O is an inorganic compound which was synthesised for the first time in 1834. In a room temperature, dichlorine monoxide appears brownish-yellowish gas and is soluble in water and organic solvents. This chemical is a strong oxidiser and also chlorinating agent.
18. Dichlorine dioxide
Dichlorine dioxide with formula Cl2O2 is inorganic chemical compound which appears yellowish-green gas and can be as bright as orange crystal at -59 °C. This is included as several oxides of chlorine. This is useful as oxidizing agent in the water and bleaching treatment.
20. Carbon dioxide
Carbon dioxide with formula CO2 is classified as inorganic compounds as it does not contain atom.
Nitrogen with formula NO2 can present vary different colors at different temperature. this inorganic compound is produced in the atmospheric nuclear tests and has responsibility to present reddish color in mushroom clouds. This chemical is highly toxic and form weak bonds between nitrogen and oxygen atoms.
22. Iron (III) oxide
Iron (III) oxide with formula Fe2O3 is an inorganic compound because it lacks of carbon atom or a hydrocarbon. This chemical is also part of three main oxides of iron. Iron (III) oxide occurs naturally as hematite and is normally known as rust. Thus, now you know what are some examples of inorganic compounds are.
1. Treat all those inorganic compounds as they are dangerous chemical components.
2. Boranes are all colorless and also diamegnetic which make them known as reactive chemical compounds and some of them are pyrophoric. Hence, it is highly poisonous and need special handling precautions.
3. At a gas phase concentrations which is above than 30% volume in air at STP, Chlorine Dioxide may explosively fall into chlorine and oxygen.