Chemicals are widely used in the medical office, from the time of examination in the laboratory, to diagnose the disease until the healing process of disease as there are many List of Chemicals Used in Everyday Life and common industry. Drugs are one of the chemicals that are often associated with humans. Someone who takes the drug means his body is in a state of illness. This is a list of chemicals used in a medical office and Common Chemicals Used in Medicine
1. Cold Medicine
Generally, cold or influenza illness is accompanied by fever and cough usually, a drug to relieve the disease is called a cold medicine. Influenza is usually caused by viruses. The composition of the flu drug consists of analgesic, anti piretik, decongestant, and allergy medication.
- Analgesic and antipyretic drugs – Drugs including analgesic and antipyretic, including acetosal, acetaminophen, salicilamide, mefenamic acid, and caffeine
- Decongestant medicine – Phenylpropanolamine HCl and efedrima HCI are examples of decongestant drugs. This drug helps relieve nasal passages so it is not blocked.
- Allergy medication – Drugs that include allergy types are chlorophenylamine maleate and dextromethorphan HBr. The generic drugs you can use for such illness are paracetamol or acetosal.
2. Cough medicine
Coughing is generally grouped into a dry cough and cough with phlegm. The cough with phlegm is called productive cough because it releases a lot of phlegm. Coughing up phlegm is generally caused by flu. Cough medicine contains expectorant substances and anti-allergic substances. Like anti-influenza drugs, cough medicine should not be used continuously. Indeed, that’d the list of chemicals used in a medical office.
3. ulcer medicine
Gastric or mild gastric pain can be treated with antacids, a drug that can neutralize stomach acid. To overcome the bloating in the stomach is used simetikon compounds, while to reduce stomach cramps used compounds papaverina HCI.
4. Diarrhea medicine
The medicine in the absorbent area so it can absorb toxins from the body. The active ingredient activates activated carbon, silicon dioxide, kaolin, and pectin can also be used astringent substances that can shrink the tannin resistant tissue in concentrated tea or cashew leaf.
Antibiotic first found in 1928 by Alexander Flemming, it was Antibiotic Penicillin. Meanwhile, antibiotic is a chemical compound from microorganism to prevent or kill another microorganism.
6. Radioactive substances
Radioactive substances are substances that actively emit light or radioactive particles. Radioactive rays consist of alpha, beta, proton, gamma, and neutron rays Radioactive Isotopes Used in Medicine
- Iodine-131 (1-131) – Iodine is a radioactive substance that can be used to detect damage to the thyroid gland and to detect brain cancer tissue.
- Cobalt-60 (Co-60) – These radioactive substances emit gamma rays that are used to kill cancerous cells. Co- 60 is also commonly used in the treatment of leukemia diseases
- Technetium-99 (Tc-99) – Tc-99 element is used to kill cancer cells
- Phosphor-32 (P-32) – Element P-32 is used to cure polycythemia rubavera disease, that is excessive formation of red blood cells this substance is injected into the body so that radiation that emit beta rays will inhibit the formation of red blood cells in bone marrow
- Thallium-201 (Tl-201) – Tl-201 radioactive substances are used to detect heart disease and abnormalities in blood vessels
- Iron-59 (Fe-59) – This radioactive substance is used to study the process of formation of red blood cells.
After consume the drug, the patient is expected to feel restored as usual. Drug uses without a doctor’s guidance may harm the patient’s health. However, safe and efficacious a drug is, it is still a toxic chemical. Therefore, its use should follow the doctor’s instructions as there are many list of chemicals used in a medical office.
Some adverse effects of the drug on the wearer
- side effects are another (bad) effect that arises from the use of certain drugs
- over dose, ie poisoning due to drug use exceeding the specified dosage
- idiosyncratic drugs, ie the innate nature of a person reacting to a drug. For example itching and redness occur on the skin of a person who is not resistant to sulfa drugs
- drug allergies, the reaction that a drug produces because of one’s sensitivity to the drug
- carcinogenicity of the drug, ie the ability of a drug to cause cancer
- eratogenitas drug, the influence of drugs on the development of the fetus in the womb.
Radioactive substances are one of the chemicals used in the field of health. Radioactive substances are substances that emit ionizing radiation, such as α, β, γ rays.
In the Branches of Pharmacy, the most commonly used radioactive rays are X rays that are similar in nature to γ beam radiation. The irradiation is useful for preventing, inhibiting, and killing intensively the growth of bacterial or viral cells based on the dose and duration of irradiation.
Very intensive radiation is also used for sterilization of surgical instruments and certain drugs.Some chemicals can make the environment healthy.For example, the presence of ozone (O3) in the atmosphere is very influential on environmental health because it can withstand radiation from outer space. Oxygen (O2) is needed by all living things to breathe.
Actually, charcoal gas (CO2) is also very important for assimilation in plants. Assimilation will produce oxygen. However, if CO2 is too much due to the activity of living things, this gas can harm the living beings themselves.
Oxygen is also indispensable in the decay process of living organisms. The process of decomposition with oxygen is done by aerobic bacteria. This decay reaction does not cause a bad smell.