Usually, there are two words that often get mixed up in chemistry, which are chemicals and chemical substances. When people say chemicals then it means a wider range of substances that has many mixtures of chemical substances. In countries that requires list ingredient of certain products, the chemicals listed would be equated with chemical substances. As a result, now there are list 30 list of chemicals substances that are belong to everyday use.
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A chemical substance with a PH value of less than 7. Acid is needed to remove rust or other corrosion from metals. and you can also find acid in your soda drink, as acid can alter their taste and serve as preservatives in that drink. acid also plays important role in human body as your stomach need acid to break down all those foods that you ate so the body can absorb the food.
Botulinum is a toxic chemical substance that is very strong and dangerous. mainly used in cosmetic to treat facial wrinkles, one just need to inject the Botulinum into one’s face and the smoothing of wrinkle will be visible in a few days later albeit with side effects
Cyanide is a chemical substance that consists of carbon and nitrogen in its molecule. Cyanide is a dangerous type of chemicals that it can make human body starved of oxygen and has fatal side-effects. But people need cyanide for mining of gold and silver as it helps dissolve these metals and their ores so one can extract it easily and dispose the byproduct in the water and leave it contaminated
arsenic is a type of chemicals that is so potent that it kills those who digest it. arsenic is commonly found in rat poison and other pesticides.
Strychnine is a type of chemicals that work fast and attack the central nerve system of human body that fatally increase muscle reflexes.
Sarin is a chemicals of mass destruction, aptly named because it’s a deadly nerve agent. One will have difficulties in breathing, uncontrollable vomiting and losing bodily function, also one of the most potent chemicals.
6. Carbon Tetraklorida
Carbon Tetraklorida is a chemicals substance that is color neutral, but has nice smell that can be use for dissolvent for certain type of oil, and can also be used to clean the floor to get rid of the dirt.
7. Carboxymethyl Cellulose
Carboxymethyl Cellulose is chemicals substance that is fluid-like oil and can float when mix in with water. Carboxymethyl Cellulose or CMC is a chemical ingredients for toothpaste and other cleaning products.
Glyserin is a chemicals substance that is widely used in people’s household. You may have used it in your mouthwash and also can be used for shaving cream and to sweeten the toothpaste. Glyserin is color neutral and scentless.
Hekslin is a chemicals that is used as an element in the process of making a perfume. The ingredients within Hekslin is believed to be essential in the completion of perfume productions. As market demanded it then now almost every parfume has Hekslin as its ingredients. Hekslin is a color neutral liquid and has certain smell.
10. Menthol Crystal
Menthol Crystal is an essential oil extraction. This menthol can easily get recognized due to its distinct smell and also it’s water soluble. Menthol Crystal is usually used in the making of rub oil that’s meant to soothe the skin by its cold property. one can easily get Menthol Kristal in the market. Menthol Crystal has crystally shape, white and has menthol smell and can be found in a balm solution
Nickel (Ni) is a shiny white, tough, and harder than iron. Nickel is widely familiar because of its usage in coin making but is more imperative either as the pure metal or in the form of alloys for its many home and industrial processes. Nickel can be generated readily by the use of standard working method and also Nickel get active slowly with strong acidic substances under normal conditions
12. Sodium Triphosphate
Sodium Triphosphate (STP) is an inorganic elements, it is the sodium salt and it is produced on a huge scale as a component of many domestic and industrial products especially detergents. Environmental problems associated with it are attributed to its widespread use in home cleaning product. It has crystal shape, scentless and water soluble.
13. Dichloro Diphenyl Trichloroethane
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) has a white colored and a smelly chemical substance known for its insecticidal properties and environmental purpose. It was used in the war zone to control malaria born diseases among people and soldier. After the conflict, DDT was also used as pesticide and its product and usage are increased exponentially. DDT is scentless, color neutral, very water solution and used as ingredients in many pesticide on the market.
14. Sodium chloride
Sodium chloride (NaCl) also known as salt, is an ionic elements and most responsible for the salinity of seawater. In the form of edible or table salt it is commonly used as an additive and food preservative. Huge quantities of sodium chloride are used in many industrial application. A second major advantages of sodium chloride is de-frosting of roadways in below zero celcius weather to prevent vehicle accidents.
Potassium (K) is a mineral that your body needs to work properly. It is found dissolved in sea water and is part of many minerals. Potassium are necessary for the successful function of all living cells. Potassium is a natural salt that is important for the heart, muscles, and nerves. Too much or too little potassium in the body can cause serious problems. potassium depletion can result in numerous abnormalities, including an abnormal heart rhythm that can lead to heart attack.
Sodium (Na) is a shiny, soft and rigorously active metal. Sodium is a major mineral required for fluid balance and blood pressure. The most common form of sodium is kitchen salt. Many salts of sodium are highly water solution, and are the most common dissolved chemicals by weight in the oceans. Because of its importance in human metabolism, salt has long been an important commodity that get traded among people for usage in food preservation
Hydrogen (H) is the lightest chemicals and is the most plentiful chemical substance in the world. Hydrogen poses a number of hazards to human safety, from potential detonations and fires when mixed with air and from deadly inhalation of its contaminated air. In addition, liquid hydrogen is very cold and presents dangers associated with very cold liquids. Hydrogen dissolves in many metals, and, in addition to oozing out, may have harmful effects on human, Hydrogen gas oozing into external air may spontaneously combusts, and also the earliest known important chemical property of hydrogen is that it burns with oxygen to form water.
Palladium (Pd) is a scarce, sparkling, shiny metal. Palladium is more active than the other metals and also Palladium has low melting point all chemicals in the periodic table. In fact palladium are excellent trigger for chemical reactions involving hydrogen and oxygen, Palladium is a metal with low toxicity. It is poorly absorbed by human body when digested. High doses of palladium could be poisonous, tests on rats suggest it may create cancer cells, though no clear evidence indicates this chemicals harms humans. The biggest use of this pure metal is for electrical contacts in telephone equipment to help electric conductivity
Rhodium (Rh) is a scarce, shiny, hardened, and shiny metal. It is one of the scarce and most valuable metals. Its scarcity affects its value and its use in commercial usage. Rhodium added to metal in small amounts yields alloys that are harder and lose weight at high temperatures even more slowly than pure metal. Rhodium is a fission product of plutonium, therefore, each part of fission product contains a significant amount of the rhodium. Unused nuclear fuel is a main source of rhodium. However, the extraction is hard and expensive and emitting radioactive, Rhodium is used to coat optic fiber cable and also help electric conductivity
Ruthenium (Ru) is a scarce metal, ruthenium has inert property to another chemicals. This metals tend to be somewhat scarce and valuable. They are also called valuable metals because of its high melting point. Ruthenium is not easily molded, even at white heat makes it very difficult to shape into wires. Most ruthenium produced is used in wear-resistant electrical contacts. A minor application for ruthenium is in metal and as a chemistry trigger. Because it hardens other metals, ruthenium is used in electrical contacts to help deliver good conductivity.
Iridium (Ir) is a very hardened, easy to break, shiny transition metal, iridium is generally considered with being the densest chemicals. It is also the most anti corrosion metal, because of difficulties in preparation and production the pure metal has a few number of usage. Iridium is mainly used in the form of metal, huge amount of iridium dust is much more active and can be prone to fire. Iridium is found in asteroids with the biggest amount much higher than its average abundance in Earth’s crust. For this reason, the unusually high abundance of iridium in certain parts of the world can be contributed with meteor shower falling upon the earth and forming earth crater.
22. Calcium chloride
Calcium chloride (CaCl2) is a color neutral solid produced in huge quantities as a natural elements, a salt with a color neutral white solid at normal temperature, very soluble in water. These elements are mainly used for defrosting and dust control. By de-pressurization through the freezing point of water, calcium chloride is used to prevent ice formation and is used to defrosting. This application consumes the huge amount of calcium chloride. Calcium chloride is relatively benign to plants and soil. As a deicing agent, it is more effective at lower temperatures. making it ideal for filling agricultural tires as a liquid ball, aiding traction in cold climates to prevent slippery in wheels.
Osmium (Os) is a hardened, fragile, blue-white metal that is found as a chemical footprint in metal, Pure osmium metal does not happen in mining. Osmium is also dense in chemicals, osmium metals are used in pen tip, electrical contacts, and other applications where extreme durability and hardness are in use. Because of the volatility and extreme toxicity of its oxidation, osmium is scarcely used in its pure state, but is instead often combined with other metals. Those metals are utilized in high-wear applications to deliver conductivity.
Silver (Ag) is a white, sparkling metal valued for its decorative beauty and electrical conductivity. The metal is found in the Earth’s crust in the pure, free form as a metal with gold, Silver is known to have high electrical conductivity of all metals. Silver is more plentifull than gold. As one of the seven metals of antique, silver has had an enduring role in most human civilization. Silver has long been valued as a valuable metal, silver is one of the so-called valuable metals. Because of its scarcity, brilliant white color and malleability. Silver metal is used in many monetary systems in coins, sometimes alongside gold. Silver is used in numerous applications other than currency as an investment medium. Silver is used industrially in electrical contacts because it delivers smooth conductivity.
Sulfur (S) is a plentiful and nonmetallic chemical. Sulfur is used in the vulcanization of black rubber, and in black gunpowder. Millions of tons of sulfur are produced each year, mostly for the manufacture of industrial acid, which is widely used in industry. Sulfur is so widely used in industrial processes that its consumption often is regarded as a reliable sign of industrial activity and the state of the national economy growth that will increase the country’s GDP.
Titanium (Ti) is a sparkling metal with a silver colored, low density, and high tensile strength. Titanium is resistant to corrosion in sea water. Because of its durability, titanium has become more popular for designing ornament. This metal is found combined in practically all rocks, sand, mud, and other soils. Its inert property makes it a good choice for those who will be wearing the ornament in wet environments. Titanium is as strong as steel but much less dense and also Titanium is widely distributed in earth’s surface so one can get it easily mined.
Zinc (Zn) is most commonly used as an anti-corrosion substance. Zinc is an essential mineral perceived by the public today as being of public health importance. Zinc deficiency affects many people in the developing world and is associated with many diseases and outbreak. Zinc is an essential chemical in the human body, where it is found in high volume in the red blood cells as an essential part of the health system. Zinc is an essential mineral that is naturally present in some foods. The major uses of zinc metal are in guarding iron and steel against corrosion. Because zinc tends to oxidize using oxygen in preference to iron, some protection is enabled to the steel surface even if some of it is exposed through hole
Chromium (Cr) is a silver, sparkling, hardened metal and it is also scentless, tasteless, and malleable. Chromium is a relatively plentifull chemicals in Earth’s crust, this free metal is never found in nature. The name of the chemicals meaning color because many of the elements can be differentiated with its color. Chromium is amazing for its magnetic behaviour and also Chromium can be added to iron and nickel to produce metal specially characterized by their high resistance to corrosion and oxidation. These elements are often found in soil and groundwater at industrial building, now in need environmental cleanup and restoration.
Next list of chemicals is Fluorine (F), the lightest gas and exists as a highly poisonous yellow gas at normal temperature conditions. It is highly active to almost all of the other chemical, including some noble gases to form chemical with fluorine. At room temperature fluorine is a shiny yellow gas with a disturbing odor. Inhalation of the gas is fatal, when reaching cool temperature fluorine becomes a yellow tar. Fluorine proved difficult and dangerous to separate from its elements, and several researchers have injuries from their efforts. Fluorine is highly corrosive, poisonous and the most active chemicals. so use it with cautions.
Helium (He) is a color neutral and scentless gas, helium uses in our daily life. Helium is one of the lightest and most plentifull in the universe. The boiling and freezing points of helium are lower than those of any other known substances. Helium is the only chemicals that cannot be solidified by enough cooling at normal pressure. Most helium in the world is believed to have been formed during the world creation.
Huge amounts of newly discovered helium are being generated by nuclear fusion of hydrogen in stars especially during the creation of Black hole. Although, recent research has suggested that helium produced deep beneath the earth by radioactive process can get stocked in gas mining stockpile in bigger than described quantities, in some cases having been released by volcanic activity that spew ashes outwards.
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In conclusion, the 30 list of chemicals substances that were described above were only the snippets of its large properties and value. Still, each has many great effect towards people’s live.