A-Z Chemicals in Flame Retardant – Harmful Substances

There is something ambiguous about a fire. It is a fascinating, almost hypnotizing spectacle, important for cooking and heater, on the other hand, it can be a cruel, surprisingly fast-acting threat. Its result of various chemicals come together, Moreover, there are Safe Chemicals For Coloured Flames that enrich and complicate things.

The use of flame retardants helps to prevent fires to extend their needs. Furthermore, it offers value escape time in case a fire has already started. Here is a list of chemicals in flame retardant

1.PentaBDE or Pentabromodiphenyl ether 

A brominated flame retardant that belongs to the group of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). However, due to their toxicity and persistence, the substance is under the Stockholm Convention. 

Moreover, PentaBDE is an example of Why Should Chemicals Not Be Released in Drain? Warnings and Dangers! It contains chemicals that need proper handling and waste management. 

The chemical has no reported health effects in humans. However, based on animal experiments, pentaBDE may have effects on “the liver, thyroid, and neurobehavioral development.


Flame retardant is among toxic chemicals substance that receives many ban in most countries. OctaBDE is conjunction with antimony trioxide as a flame retardant in the housings of electrical and electronic equipment. It has a great impact on other substance such as acrylonitrile butadiene styrene. 

OctaBDE release to the air from flame retardant, emissions and many more. The environment issue concerning this substance includes, “photolysis, anaerobic degradation, and metabolism in biota” can cause debromination of octaBDE. It can cause ingestion or inhalation issues. Moreover, octaBDE may also affect the liver, thyroid, and neurobehavioral development.

3. Hexabromobiphenyl

these substances are among the many chemicals banned in the Chemicals Banned In Europe But Safe In The US. The European Chemical Agency identified TCEP as a Very High Concern. These flame retardants
often find its way to dump sites in Africa and Asia, often in the form of near-end-of-life products that rapidly become wastes after entry into the country

4. PCBs or Polychlorinated biphenyl

This organic chlorine compound is a crucial dielectric and coolant fluids in electrical apparatus, carbonless copy paper and in heat transfer fluids. Moreover, it is among the Chemicals Banned Under the Stockholm Convention.

The most common effects in human exposure to extremely high levels of PCBs are skin conditions, such as chloracne and rashes. However, these symptoms also sign of acute systemic poisoning. Moreover, it also affects the dermal and ocular lesions, irregular menstrual cycles and lowered immune responses, fatigue, headaches, coughs, and unusual skin sores.  


This compound is a combination of bromine with bisphenol A. Most common commercial TBBPA products consist of a mixture that differs in the degree of bromination. Moreover, BBPA is a very important component in polymers, fire-resistant polycarbonates, epoxy resins, and printed circuit boards. Furthermore, this toxic substance is among the HM List Of Chemicals Banned In Production. Therefore, this substance is out from the public view for a very long time. 

6.PBDEs or Polybrominated diphenyl ethers 

This Organobromine substance in a wide array of products, including building materials, electronics, furnishings, motor vehicles, airplanes, plastics, polyurethane foams, and textiles.

The health hazards of these complex chemicals include reducing fertility, skins issues and many more. This substance is considered the Most Dangerous Chemicals In The World. moreover, the industrial PBDEs production is very restricted and even banned almost all over the world due to their high toxicity.  

7. Tricresyl phosphate or TCP

Another organophosphate compound in various applications can be harmful to human contact. It is a toxic substance that can causes neuropathy through ingestion and can lead to mass poisonings in history. It is a colorless, viscous liquid, with some samples are typically yellow.


The production and use of hexabromocyclododecane or HBCCD phase-out under the Stockholm Convention for Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). Some countries already taking this substance into their banned list while some other not.

It is among the banned Chemicals in List Of Chemicals Banned In Canada and List Of Toxic Chemicals Banned Or Severely Restricted In The PRC. HBCCD flame retardant expands for insulation foam boards, building industry, a coating of textiles, and upholstered furniture. 

The side effects of  HBCCD in a long period of time, include allergies, immune system issues, a more serious health problem may arise. The most caution case is the carcinogenic cell within the body.


The primary metalworking applications and plasticizers of flame retardants in a variety of applications, including in paints, adhesives and sealants, leather fat liquors, plastics, rubber, textiles and also polymeric materials. Moreover, it poses as lubricants and coolants in metalworking fluids (MWF) that contains chlorinated paraffin additives. 

This highly toxic substances create a thread to human and add several health issues. Furthermore, it can cause ingestion issues, liver, kidneys, adipose tissue, and breast milk problems.   

10. Perchloroethylene or PERC

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency already lists PERC as a “likely carcinogen” and by the World Health Organization as a “probable carcinogen” and not to mention other country bans this chemical. It receives global opposes to ever be used.

The usage of PERC in the cleaning industry also resulted in Side Effects Of Dry Cleaning Chemicals. The long-term exposure to perchloroethylene can cause leukemia, skin cancer, colon cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, and urogenital tract issues. 

11. Trichloroethylene

A flame retardant that is a mutagen in the Salmonella-mammalian tissue. A proposed metabolite of the flame retardant to cause sterility in animals and also carcinogen to human. Moreover, it has a nuclear magnetic characteristic which is highly toxic. 


Although the common Uses of Triclosan In Toothpaste, this substance also contributes to the making of flame retardant. It may seem harmless in toothpaste but in large doses in flame retardant can cause fatal effects.

Toxic chemicals as flame retardants are widely present in our homes, bodies, and even in our wastes. However, due to increasing public health concerns, actions to regulate and eliminate flame retardant have occurred globally, nationally, and locally. Moreover, it also poses some Effects Of Environmental Chemicals On Human Health issues.

Furthermore, the chemical industries continue to formulate new compounds with similar toxic properties incorporated into many products. These substances are now found throughout the global environment, wildlife, and people, and even in areas far from where these substances are used or produced. Well, that’s the brief explanation of chemicals in flame retardant.