Many sectors involving human activities always need chemical in it. It is unavoidable that the advanced technology and the decline of natural environment force humans to rely on chemical. However, not all chemicals are safe. They always have side effects from minor to major ones.
India as one of developing countries also relies on chemical to flourish their industry. Just like Philippine with list of banned chemicals in Philippine and Pakistan with list of banned chemicals in Pakistan, India also regulates the utilization of chemical within country. There are allowed, restricted, and banned chemicals in India. Here is the list of chemicals banned in India.
- Calcium Cyanide
Calcium cyanide is among the list of banned chemicals in India. A compound with formula Ca(CN)2 is among cyanide type. This chemical has many uses such as ores for gold and silver as well as insecticide. Earlier, pesticide products contain Calcium Cyanide.
Later on, Calcium Cyanide proved to be toxic and hazardous both to environment and to human. When reacted to fire, this compound can produce toxic fumes very hazardous to health. Any person who inhales this may have lung problem from irritation, to internal damage. Moreover, reaction to oxygenated compound may also cause explosion. Seeing the danger, India bans this chemical.
- Methyl Bromide
Another chemical in the list of banned chemical is Methyl Bromide. Methyl bromide is common fumigant to get rid of insects and rodents. People also used it in the extraction of nut and production of wool degreasing process. Even airplane fire exinguisher once used methyl bromide.
The truth is, behind many benefits of this compound, it is actually a hazardous one because of the danger it poses. First, it is very toxic, long contact with it is not recommendable. Second and probably why its use is declining and India bans it is because it can deplete ozon layer.
Nitrofen is a herbicide with formula C12H7Cl2NO3. In the past, Nitrofen was popular herbicide to get rid of unwanted plants in crops. It was effective and farmers’ favorite until study found it to be carcinogenic.
Carcinogenic is a tendency of a compound to trigger malicious cell and cause cancer. It is also pollutant and can enter organism body in accumulation. When study found Nitrofen contaminate foods and poultry, it raised serious concern that leads to ban. Because of those reason, India as part of international country also bans Nitrofen and does not allow any use of it anymore.
India categorize chemicals that both banned for use and import and those that are still allowed to import or restricted use. One of both banned for use and import is Toxaphene. Toxaphene is a reaction of chlorine gas and champene, combining 670 chemicals. It was popular insecticide and ectoparasite controller.
Was once widely used in 60s, it enters the internationally banned chemicals including in India. In India, the use of toxaphene is no longer permitted in both domestic and import use.
- Potassium Bromate
Potassium Bromate is an oxidizing agent mainly used for flour improver in the making of bread. In United States, it is on the list of chemicals banned in European but not in US. In India, the government recently bans potassium bromate.
Potassium bromate has crystal-like and white powder form. In bakery, it improves the bread quality by strengthen the dough and to make the bread swollen and look bigger. However, potassium bromate is also probable carcinogen. When a chemical belongs to carcinogen, long-term consumption or use of it may cause cancer in human. Cancer itself is one of the deadliest illness in the world. Thus, India bans its use and forbid any bakery industry to use potassium bromate anymore, makes it is included within the list of chemicals banned in India.
Another chemical not allowed in India and most countries is BHA/BHT. This chemical stands for Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) also butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). Both are interrelated and use in similar field. BHA and BHT was once used as preservative and prevent cooling and heating in frying pan. Moreover, it is also a food additive for preserving food.
Later study found that BHA/BHT has more side effects that any of the consumer can imagine. It can cause insomnia, internal organ damage, fatigue, appetite disruptor and cancer as the worst case. Furthermore, it has more hazard than benefit. Eventually European banned this chemical. Later on India also follow to ban this chemical.
Chlordane is synthesized chemical from the same compound where heptachlor and nonachlor created. The first use of chlordane was as pesticide. Farmers used chlordane to get rid of insects and any other pest. Home use of it also includes termite termination.
Since it was not part of natural compound, there are many side effects of Chlordane for both human and environment. For human, chlordane can cause cancer, diabetes, and obesity. For environment, the use of chlordane can cause bioaccumulation since this chemical hardly degrades in soil. Because it is very dangerous, India bans the chemical.
- Potassium Iodate
Aside from potassium bromate, potassium iodate is also food additive that has many disadvantage to human’s health. It is an oxidizing agent and other uses in both food and industrial use. As the compound has protection tendency to radioactive effect, it was once a tablet some countries distributed for anti radiation.
However, potassium iodate is thyroid blocker. Exposure to it can cause several problems ranging from thyroid damage, low immune system, to internal organ damage. Since this chemical is very risky, Indria and other countries bans Potassium iodate.
Other Chemicals Banned in India
Here is list of other chemicals India bans:
- Benzene Hexachloride
- Ethyl Parathion
Seeing the list of chemicals banned in India, people should also be aware of some foods banned in other countries but allowed in United States. This is because eventhough some chemicals may come as safe under strict dose, it is better to avoid risky and hazardous substance to prevent damage in the future.