Ever imagine the lettuce in your salad have spots on it? The suspect for those are pests, which have caused losses in an unlimited number of crops. A swarm of pests could ruin the entire season worth of harvesting, and it’s definitely cause financial loss. Farmers all around the world, especially in agriculture countries like India, Indonesia, Thailand, and so on are busy figuring out how to prevent those incidents from happening to you and ruining your appetite. Thanks to the improvements and innovations, they now found a simple, effective way to handle the invasio, yes, insecticides. Even if there are few insecticides banned in some countries like India.
It is definitely by using insecticides to vanish those pests in a blink of an eye. Insecticide is any toxic substance that we use to kill insects. It mainly uses to eliminate disease-carrying insects in specific areas by spraying or dusting them to the plant surface. Then, why would India have to ban few insecticides? Cause there are many Harmful Chemicals in the Environment
Despite their usage for efficiency sake, there are few disadvantages we could get from them. We know that insecticides contain chemicals, which can be rather poisonous or hazardous. That’s why, agricultural countries such as India reconsider about putting few chemicals into the banned insecticides list. It is absolutely for the sake of the environment and their people.
You might also read : Chemicals Found in Pesticides
Here are List of Banned Insecticides in India
It was widely used for crops such as, corn and cotton, till it was banned in most country in 1999. The form is solid, colorless and odor-free. Aldrin is really harmful, because it can enter our body easily when inhaled.
Not just that, it contaminated soil or food, and when it enters our body, it will converted to dialdrin and stores in fats, and it needs a very long time till our body totally get rid of aldrin. Which is why you can find aldrin in the list of toxic chemicals restricted for Import and Export
There have been a case occurred in 2002, in which nitrofen was detected in organic feed, organic eggs, and organic poultry products in Germany. This chemicals in insecticide caused a decline in all organic meat sales in Europe to slip. It’s because of concerns about nitrofen’s carcinogenicity. A carcinogen is any substance that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
3. Calcium Cyanide
Calcium cyanide (black cyanide) is an inorganic compound with the formula Ca(CN)2. Like other types of cyanide , it is very toxic. It is mainly used for extraction of gold and silver ores, but cyanides are also used in insecticides and fumigants. Calcium cyanide produce toxic fumes including nitrogen oxidy HCN. It reacts greatly when heated with oxidizing substances and cause fire or explosion hazard.
Not just that, If an exposure occurs, we will get several health effects which is quite similar with the Usual Signs of Overexposure to Hazardous Chemicals Include .Chronic exposure via inhalation causes headaches, dizziness, numbness, tremor, loss of visual activity, cardiovascular and respiratory effect, an enlarged thyroid glans, irritation to they eyes and skin, chest tightness, confusion, cough, nausea, shortness of breath, and so on.
It causes effects on the intracellular oxygen metabolism, resulting in unconsciousness and even death. To the aquatic environment, it is very toxic and causes long-term effect. Since it is one of hazardous chemicals that have plenty of serious effects, we have to use precautions while using it. Even for the workers in chemical industries have to pay extra-attention in taking care of them. They have to use full-protection equipment and avoid all direct-contact with the chemicals. Those dangerous effects cause India to put it into the banned insecticides list.
Chlordane isn’t a single chemical, it is contains of trans-chlordane, cis-chlordane, beta-chlordane, heptachlor, and trans-nonachlor. Once it was used for pesticide for crops and to get rid of termites in houses until 1988, when it was found to be cancer risks.
Chlordane also harmful for environment, it breaks down soil, water, air and almost everything. People know that Chlordane remain in soil, water and air for many years and can get rid of by evaporation. Meanwhile, this is one of list of banned insecticides in India.
5. Methyl Bromide
If it has fruity so it might be Methyl Bromide, which if it’s in high concentrate it has sweet fruity odor. Methyl bromides can enter our body through inhalation, eyes, and mouth. Since methyl bromide are toxic to environment , which can cause the thinning of ozon layers, and increasing the UV radiation on earth, it is now banned for daily use. It needs supervision or license to be applied, such as putting them in the banned lists.
Diazinon’s common use for pesticide is to neutralize cockroaches, ants, etc. Like the other pesticide, when we’re in contact with too much of diazinon it can leads to symptoms such as, dizziness, weakness, headache, tight in the chest, blurred vision, sweating, vomiting and much more.
Monochrotophos is highly toxic for bees, birds nor human. That’s why it’s out of patent, because there are lots of cases that cause by mochrotophos like, farmers who exposed too much of monochrotophos usually suffered some health problems, because monochrotophos is one of fast-acting chemicals and it easily enter organisms body.
Endosulfan is a colorless pesticide that commonly used in Australia and Brazilia, as an insecticide such as food crops, vegetables, cotton, tea, tobacco, grains and fruits. So too much eating foods that already contaminated by endosulfan can leads to chronic health effect or you can say as long term side effects, such as hyperexcitability, tremors, and convulsions.
Fenthion is a colorless, weak garlic odor. It’s toxic to birds, bees and aquatic organisms but it’s not highly toxic to human. But although it’s not too harmful, but when a human consume too much foods with high concentrate of fenthion, it’s probably can leads to poisoning.
Accotion, aggrotion, dicofen, fenstan, etc is the trades name for fenitrotion. A phosphorothioate insecticide to control insects such as cockroaches, flies, mosquitoes, and much more. It comes with powders, granules, and sprays form with unpleasant odor.
So, let’s be wise. We shouldn’t use any insecticides we wanted to, just to give us tons of benefits, while it’s killing people at the same time. We’d better be super careful and aware of the precautions, so that we won’t have to harm others including ourselves. Anyway, in order to obey the law and respect another countries’—which in this case is India’s—policy, always remind yourself not to bring, use , sell, buy, manufacture, banned insecticides in India. Since India has already banned a whole list of dangerous insecticides.