15 Scientists Who Examine How Organs and Body Systems Function

Science is the sole of human race development. The more advanced humankind on science, the better they can adapt and improve their life. The existence of nowadays science are not without previous scientists who dedicated their time to do experiment on science subject and sometimes may lose their lives in the process just like some in the Scientists Who Experimented on Themselves and Died tragically.

One of the most interesting as well as complicated research object is organs within organism body, including human organs. This is because humans are the least likely to be the direct object of experiment as it is against moral code and humanity. Nonetheless, some scientists had successfully completed their experiment in examining how organs and body systems function. Here is the list of scientists who examine how organs and body systems function.

  1. Galen

The early scientist who contributed a lot to the development of anatomy and physiology is  Galen. Galen is a Roman philosopher and surgeon whom people name as Father of Medicine. His experiment on organs and body systems function resulted in the development of some basic medicine that further become the sole of medicine development.

He was the one who came up with human temperaments as well as the one who found out the larynx as the one that generates voice. The only thing lacked was due to his period which was a very early one. During his era, human dissection was prohibited thus he only used animals as object. Despite that, he successfully uncovered some unknown science knowledge.

  1. Louis Pasteur

His name is not unfamiliar as he is well known for his founding on pasteurization. But pasteurization is not his only work. He is also the one who invented vaccine beneficial for anthrax and rabies.

Because of his vast work in microbiology, other undiscovered facts about microorganism and how it affects other species slowly showed up as more scientists followed his path.

He worked to find medicine on several disease especially from bacteria. Bacteria was found in fermented foods such as cheese, milk, and wine and his method helped to make the best and safest fermentation. He also succeed in reducing the mortality rate caused by puerperal fever, marking him as one of the most influential scientists.

  1. Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen

The rontgen technology is one of the biggest contribution Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen ever gave to the development of physiology. He was the one who discovered and invented x rays which further developed to be a tool to examine organs and body function on human.

He worked with electromagnetic radiation and for his work he got the Nobel prize on 1901 in Physics. His invention proved to be very beneficial in the complementary of hospital equipment. Nowadays, rontgen is very crucial as an equipment to check on the infant development. Also see  Common Radioactive Isotopes Used in Medicine

  1. James Watson

James Watson is the Nobel prize winner in 1962 for his work related with the molecular structure of the blood DNA. He was the one who discovered the structure of DNA in 1952.

His later research are also beneficial including his theory of oxidation and its relation to the development of several disease. Watson also active in politics as well as academics as he is appointed for several positions in university.

The discovery of DNA surely is a great contribution to physiology and human anatomy. However, he faced several controversies as there are evidences that the unpublished work of Franklin helped his invention, thus, it is not purely his. Also, there are several cases when his comments got the best of him and lead him to trouble. Nevertheless, he is still one of the most famous scientist in 20th century.

  1. Robert Hooke

Robert Hooke was the one who discovered cell. As cell is the building blocks of all living species, his discovery is of greatest one. The king commissioned him to do some research and as he did that, his creative approach of adjusting the microscope (which is also a contribution to the development of research equipment), he found the holes among the minuscule part of living being which he later called as pore or cell.

Hooke also calculated the approximate number of cell within one’s body. Even though at that time he did not comprehend how influential his discovery is, his research paved the way to the study of human cells.

Robert Hooke is also a talented drawer that he drew his own findings, which then helped other scientists to comprehend his result. Thus, Rober Hooke is truly one of the most talented scientists who examine how organs and body functions.

See  Scientists Who Are Also Artists for more scientists mastering in art work. 

  1. Claude Bernard

Here are more the list of scientists who examine how organs and body systems function. Another influential scientist who examine how organ and body system functions is Claude Bernard. He is the one who found some functions of human organs. His discovery was through vivisection that includes the discovery of pancreas function and how it relates to living being digestion.

Because of this discovery, he won the prize from French Academy of Science for experimental physiology. But the most famous of his discovery is the finding of glycogenic function on liver. The result of this finding is the discovery of the cause of several diseases such as diabetes melitus and its relation to the internal secretion by liver.

Despite his great experiments, he encountered some friction especially with his wife who later choose to separate from him as she found him vivisect their dog and disgusted by it.

Other Scientists Who Examine How Organs and Body Systems Function Include:

  1. Mendel – The Father of Genetic as he is the one who found how trait passed among living organisms.
  2. Malpighi – The discoverer of capillaries and how it functions within body.
  3. Paracelsus – The one who studied and contributed to the system and physiology of stomach
  4. Walter Reed – Discovered mosquito as the one responsible for spreading yellow fever.
  5. Cajal and Golgi – The revolutioner scientists on the discovery of nerve cells.
  6. Morgans – Found the genes as well as the chromosome of fruit flies.
  7. Joseph Lister – Founder of antiseptics.
  8. Pavlov – Inventor of behavioural psychology,
  9. Fleming – Discoverer of Insulin

Surely, those scientists contributed a lot to modern sciences by their way of examine how organs and body functions and should receive more appreciation.

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