118 List of Chemicals on the Periodic Table – Symbol – Atomic Number

this article will talk about the list of chemicals on the periodic table. the method of grouping and naming has various histories. The grouping of elements based on the similarity of traits develops from the simplest to the most modern. Here are some of the origins of the systematic development of chemical element names:

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Basic Development of Grouping of Elements

Before we know the list of chemicals on the periodic table, here is the basic information about elements:

  1. Metal and Non-Metallic Elements Grouping

Arab and Persian scientists divide the elements into two groups, namely lugham (metal) and Laysa Lugham (nonmetal) grouping of elements into metals and non-metals lasting until the 19th century.

  1. The Law of the Dobereiner Triade

In 1829, Johan Wolfgang Dobereiner noticed the existence of similarities in the nature. Apparently each group consists of three elements, so called Triade.

If the elements in a triade are arranged according to the increase of the mass of the atoms, especially the atomic mass as well as the properties of the second element is the average of the atomic mass of the first and third elements. The present invention shows the relationship between atomic mass and elemental properties.

The weakness of this clustering lies in the fact that the number of elements that have similar properties is not only 3 pieces.

  1. Newlands Law of Octave

Year 1864, A.R. Newlands uses his invention called octave law. The elements are arranged according to their relative atomic mass increase. It turns out that the elements of octave disputes (element number 1 with 8, element number 2 with 9, etc.) show the similarity of the nature or it can be said there is a change in the nature of regular elements

The tendency is expressed as Newland’s Octave law, namely: if elements are arranged on the basis of an increase in atomic mass the properties of the element will be repeated after the eighth element.

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  1. Mendeleyev’s Law

Russian scholar Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleyev, based on observations of 63 known elements conducted at the time, concluded that the properties of the periodic function elements of their relative atomic mass. This means that if the elements are arranged according to the relative atomic mass, certain properties will be repeated periodically.

In classifying the elements, medeleyev puts more emphasis on the equations of elemental properties than the relative atomic mass increases, so there are empty places in the periodic table. These empty spaces that were then foretold would be filled with elements that had not yet been discovered. Later prediction is proven by identifying elements that have similar properties according to its prediction.

The weakness of Mendeleyev Periodic Table is as follows.

  1. The placement of the element does not correspond to the relative atomic mass increase because it maintains the resemblance of the elemental properties in one class.
  2. There are still many unknown elements to the masses so that in the table there are many empty spaces.
  3. Modren Periodic Table

In 1914, Henry G. J. Moseley found that the elements in the periodic table correspond to an atomic number increase. Modern periodic tables, also called periodic tables of long shapes, are arranged according to atomic number increases and properties resemblance. This modern periodic table can be said to be a refinement of Mendeleyev Perodic Table.

Long Periodic tables consist of vertical lanes (groups) arranged according to the nature and lane horizontal (period) arranged based on the increase of atomic number. The vertical stripe (class) is written with Roman numerals consisting of 18 classes. So, now let’s check out the list of chemicals on the periodic table!

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Group A (Main Group)

Goal. IA: Alkali

IIA: Alkaline Soil

IIIA: Aliminium

IVA: Carbon

Goal. VA: Nitrogen

VIA: Kalkogen

VIIA: Haologen

VIIIA (o): a noble gas

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Transitional Class / Class Additional Class B), divided into:

  1.  The Transitional Group (Gol.B), namely: IIB, IVB, VB, VIB, VIIB, VIIIB (VIII), IB, and IIB.
  2.  The Inner Transition Group, there are two series:

Lanthanide Series: This group is named by lanthanum. All lanthanides, except lutetium, are f-block elements meaning that their electrons are filled to 4f orbit.

Actinide Series: This series is named after actininium. All actinides, except lawrencium, are f-block elements. The actinide group elements are radioactive, with only aktinium, thorium, and uranium naturally found in the earth’s crust.

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In period 6 Group IIIB there are 14 elements very similar in character, that is Lanthanide elements. Likewise, in period 7, the elements of Actinide. In order for these tables not to be too long, they are placed separately at the bottom of the periodic system

Group B is located between Group IIA and IIIA.

The elements belonging to one class have the same properties because they have the same valence electrons (electrons in the outer shell).

The Horizontal Lane (Period) is written with Arabic numerals consisting of 7 periods:

  • Period 1 contains 2 elements
  • Period 2 contains 8 elements
  • Period 3 of the 8 elements of the beer
  • Period 4 contains 18 elements
  • Period 15 contains 18 elements
  • Period 6 contains 32 elements
  • Period 7 contains 23 elements (incomplete)

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Based on the electron configuration of the elements can be drawn relation between electron configuration with the location of elements (number of classes and periods) in the periodic table as follows.

  1. Number of valence electrons: group number
  2. Number of electron shells: Period number

Exceptions occur in helium, valence electrons 2 but located in the noble gas group (VIIIA).

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Name of Chemical elements (Alphabetically)

So, here are the list of chemicals on the periodic table:

Name: Actinium
Symbols: Ac
Atom Number: 89

Name: Aluminum
Symbols: Al
Atom Number: 13

Name: Amerisium
Symbol: Am
Atom Number: 95

Name: Antimon (Stibium)
Symbol: Sb
Atom Number: 51

Name: Argentum → Silver
Symbols: Ag
Atom Number: 47

Name: Argon
Symbols: Ar
Atom Number: 18

Name: Arsenic
Symbol:   US
Atom Number: 33

Name: Astatin
Symbol: At
Atom Number: 85

Name: Aurum Gold →
Symbols: Au
Atom Number: 79

Name : Barium
Symbol: Ba
Atom Number: 56

Name : Sulfur (Sulfur)
Symbol: S
Atom Number: 16

Name : Berkelium
Symbol: Bk
Atom Number: 97

Name : Beryllium
Symbol: Be
Atom Number: 4

Name : Iron (Ferrum)
Symbols: Fe
Atom Number: 26

Name : Bismuth
Symbol: Bi
Atom Number: 83

Name : Bohrium
Symbol: Bh
Atom Number: 107

Name : Boron
Symbol: B
Atom Number: 5

Name : Brom
Symbol: Br
Atom Number: 35

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Name : Cuprum → Copper
Symbol:   Cu
Atom Number: 29

Name : Darmstadtium
Symbol: Ds
Atom Number: 110

Name : Dubnium
Symbol: Db
Atom Number: 105

Name : Dysprosium
Symbol:   Dy
NumberAtom: 66

Name : Einsteinium
Symbol: Ice
Atom Number: 99

Name : Gold (Aurum)
Symbol: Au
Atom Number: 79

Name : Erbium
Symbol: Er
Atom Number: 68

Name : Europium
Symbols: Eu
Atom Number: 63

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Name : Fermium
Symbol: Fm
Atom Number: 100

Name : Ferrum → Iron
Symbol: Fe
Atom Number: 26

Name : Flerovium
Symbol: Fl
Atom Number: 114

Name : Fluorine
Symbol: F
Atom Number: 9

Name : Phosphor
Symbol: P
Atom Number: 15

Name : Franum
Symbol: Fr
Atom Number: 87

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Name : Gadolinium
Symbol: Gd
Atom Number: 64

Name : Galium
Symbol: Ga
Atom Number: 31

Name : Germanium
Symbol: Ge
Atom Number: 32

Name : Hafnium
Symbol: Hf
Atom Number: 72

Name : Hassium
Symbol: Hs
Atom Number: 108

Name : Helium
Symbol: He
Atom Number: 2

Name : Hydrogen
Symbol: H
Atom Number: 1

Name : Holmium
Symbol: Ho
Atom Number: 67

Name : Hydrargyrum → Mercury
Symbol: Hg
Atom Number: 80

Name : Indium
Symbols: In
Atom Number: 49

Name : Iodine Iodine
Symbol: I.
Atom Number: 53

Name : Iridium
Symbol: Ir
Atom Number: 77

Name : Iterbium
Symbol: Yb
Atom Number: 70

Name : Itrium
Symbol: Y
Atom Number: 39

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Name : Cadmium
Symbol: CD
Atom Number: 48

Name : Potassium
Symbol: K
Atom Number: 19

Name : Calcium
Symbol: Ca
Atom Number: 20

Name : California
Symbol: Cf
Atom Number: 98

Name : Carbon
Symbol: C
Atom Number: 6

Name : Chlorine
Symbols: Cl
Atom Number: 17

Name : Chrome
Symbol: Cr
Atom Number: 24

Name : Cobalt
Symbol: Co
Atom Number: 27

Name : Kopernisium
Symbol: Cn
Atom Number: 112

Name : Curium
Symbol: Cm
Atom Number: 96

Name : Krypton
Symbol: Kr
Atom Number: 36


Name : Lanthanum
Symbols: La
Atom Number: 57

Name : Lawrence
Symbol: Lr
Atom Number: 103

Name : Lithium
Symbol: Li
Atom Number: 3

Name :: Livermorium
Symbol: Lv
Atom Number: 116

Name : Lutetium
Symbol: Lu
Atom Number: 71

Name : Magnesium
Symbol: Mg
Atom Number: 12

Name : Manganese
Symbol: M N
Atom Number: 25

Name : Meitnerium
Symbol:   Mt
Atom Number: 109

Name : Mendelevium
Symbol: Md
Atom Number: 101

Name : Molybden
Symbol: Mo
Atom Number: 42

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Name : Sodium
Symbol: Na
Atom Number: 11

Name : Neodymium
Symbol: Nd
Atom Number: 60

Name : Neo
Symbol: Ne
Atom Number: 10

Name : Neptunium
Symbol: Np
Atom Number: 93

Name : Nickel
Symbol: Ni
Atom Number: 28

Name : Niobium
Symbol: Nb
Atom Number: 41

Name : Nitrogen
Symbol: N
Atom Number: 7

Name : Nobelium
Symbol: No
Atom Number: 102

Name : Osmium
Symbol: Os
Atom Number: 76

Name : Oxygen
Symbol: O
Atom Number: 8

Name : Palladium
Symbol: Pd
Atom Number: 46

Name : Silver (Argentum)
Symbol: Ag
Atom Number: 47

Name: Plumbum → Lead
Symbol: Pb
Atom Number: 82

Name Potassium
Symbol: K
Atom Number: 19

Name : Platina
Symbol: Pt
Atom Number: 78

Name : Plutonium
Symbol: Pu
NumberAtom: 94

Name : Polonium
Symbol: Po
Atom Number: 84

Name : Praseodymium
Symbol: Pr
Atom Number: 59

Name : Prometium
Symbol: Pm
Atom Number: 61

Name : Protactinium
Symbol: Pa
Atom Number: 91

Name : Radium
Symbol: Ra
Atom Number: 88

Name : Radon
Symbol: Rn
Atom Number: 86

Name : Raksa (Hydrargyrum)
Symbol: Hg
Atom Number: 80

Name : Renium
Symbol: Re
Atom Number: 75

Name : Rodium
Symbol: Rh
Atom Number: 45

Name : Roentgenium
Symbol: Rg
Atom Number: 111

Name : Rubidium
Symbol: Rb
Atom Number: 37

Name : Rutenium
Symbol: Ru
Atom Number: 44

Name : Rutherfordium
Symbol: Rf
Atom Number: 104

Name : Sodium
Symbol: Na
Atomic number: 11

Name : Samarium
Symbol: Sm
Atom Number: 62

Name : Scandium
Symbol: Sc
Atom Number: 21

Name : Seaborgium
Symbol: Sg
Atom Number: 106

Name : Selenium
Symbol: Se
Atom Number: 34

Name : Serium
Symbol: Ce
Atom Number: 58

Name : Cesium
Symbol: Cs
Atom Number: 55

Name : Silicon
Symbol: Si
Atom Number: 14

Name : Zinc
Symbol: Zn
Atom Number: 30

Name : Stannum → Lead
Symbol: Sn
Atom Number: 50

Name : Stibium → Antimony
Symbol: Sb
Atom Number: 51

Name : Strontium
Symbol: Sr
Atom Number: 38

Name : Thallium
Symbol: Tl
Atom Number: 81

Name : Tantalum
Symbol: Ta
Atom Number: 73

Name : Technetium
Symbol: Tc
Atom Number: 43

Name : Eggs
Symbol: Te
Atom Number: 52

Name: Copper (Cuprum)
Symbol: Cu
Atom Number: 29

Name: Terbium
Symbol: Tb
Atom Number: 65

Name: Tin (Stannum)
Symbol: Sn
Atom Number: 50

Name: Lead (Plumbum)
Symbol: Pb
Atom Number: 82

Name: Titanium
Symbol: Ti
Atom Number: 22

Name: Thorium
Symbol: Th
Atom Number: 90

Name: Tulium
Symbol: Tm
Atom Number: 69

Name: Tungsten → Wolfram
Symbol: W
Atom Number: 74

Name: Ununoktium
Symbol: Uuo
Atom Number: 118

Name: Ununpentium
Symbol: Uup
Atom Number: 115

Name: Ununtrium
Symbol: Uut
Atom Number: 113

Name: Uranium
Symbol: U
Atom Number: 92

Name: Vanadium
Symbol: V
Atom Number: 23

Name: Wolfram (Tungsten)
Symbol: W
Atom Number: 74

Name: Xenon
Symbol: Xe
Atom Number: 54

Name: Iodine
Symbol: I.
Atom Number: 53

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Name: Zinc Zinc →
Symbol: Zn
Atom Number: 30

Name : Zirconium
Symbol: Zr
Atom Number: 40


So, that is the complete list of chemicals on the periodic table with the symbol and atomic number. Hope it could come handy to those of you who wants to learn about the basic chemistry and the periodic table.

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