Chemistry is defined as a science that specifically studies material changes, either chemical changes, or physical changes. And can be studied through aspects of the process, properties and energy involved in material change.
Indian chemists are more focused on the treatment system than looking for ways to make gold. Unlike China, Indian chemists do not need to focus on fluids for eternal life but rather emphasize certain diseases with the aim of prolonging life.
They also have six metals: gold, silver, lead, lead, iron, and copper. Furthermore, each still distinguished again, for example five types of gold. Indian and China chemist have managed to make fireworks recipes and gunpowder 2-5 centuries faster than Europe.
List of Chemists in India and Their Contribution
In India, there are some of chemists that have many contribution to our life, such as :
1. Asima Chatterjee
Asima Chatterjee (Bengali: অসীমা চট্টোপাধ্যায়) (born in Kolkata, 23 September 1917 – died in Kolkata, November 22, 2006 at the age of 89) is a chemist from Kolkata, India
On Saturday, 23/09/2017, Google display doodle figure glasses lady complete with chemical molecular structure nicely composed to form the word “Google” with dominance of green color. Google apparently also celebrates Asima Chatterjee’s 100th birthday.
Although at that time an unusual thing for a woman in chemistry, Asima Chatterjee successfully graduated brilliantly from University of Calcutta.
Asima joined Lady Brabourne College at Kolkata University in 1940 as the founding head of the chemistry department. She then continued her studies and earned a master’s degree in organic chemistry, before becoming the first woman in India to hold a Doctorate of Science degree in 1944 throughout the history of Indian college.
In 1954 Asima Chatterjee joined the University College of Science institution at Kolkata University as an associate professor in pure chemistry. In 1962, Asima was awarded the Khaira Professor of Chemistry at the University of Kolkata and served until 1982. Chatterjee was nominated by the President of India as a member of Rajya Sabha from February 1982 to May 1990.
Throughout his life, Dr. Asima Chatterjee focuses on studying the various types of plants in India that can be processed and used for treatment.
Her research was also known to contribute greatly to the development of drugs to treat epilepsy and malaria. However, Dr. The most recognized Chatterjee’s contribution in the world comes from her research on vinca alkaloids.
Vinca alkaloids themselves are compounds extracted from plants grown in Madagascar. Now, the compound is often used in the chemotherapy process to help slow the development of cancer cells.
Because of her hard work and dedication to the medical and scientific world, he received numerous prestigious awards. One such award is an award from the Indian government named Padma Bhushan.
And in 1975, she became the first woman appointed as chairman of the Indian Science Congress.
In her life, he had a daughter named Julie, her daughter with her husband Dr. Baradananda Chatterjee. Asima Chatterjee died in 2006 in a nursing home at the age of 89.
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2. Akhlaq Ur Rehman Kidwai
Akhlaq Ur Rehman Kidwai was born on July 1, 1920 and died on August 24, 2016 in New Delhi at the age of 96 after prolonged illness is an Indian chemist and politician is an Indian chemist and politician. He served as governor of the states of Bihar, West Bengal, and Haryana.
He became a member of Rajya Sabha, the high council of the Indian Parliament, from 2000 to 2004. He was awarded Padma Vibhushan, the second highest civilian award in India, the award was for his contribution towards Public Affairs.
From 1983 to 1992, he became chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh and has also been the director of the Jammu & Kashmir Bank.
Dr. Kidwai was a member of the following national institutions,committees, and organizations :
- National Committee on Science and Technology from 1968 until 1975.
- Perspective Science and Technology Plan Committee of the Department of Science and Technology and the Planning Commission.
- Council and the Governing Body of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) from 1970 until 1973.
- Board of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and Governing Bodies of Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow and Central Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad.
- Regional Imbalances Enquiry Commission, Jammu and Kashmir State in 1979.
- State Planning Board and Heavy Industries Plan Committees, Government of Uttar Pradesh.
- University Grants Commission (UGC) and Chairman of the Central Universities Review Committee from 1985 until 1986.
- Central Advisory Board of Education.
- Central Council of Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).
- Committee on New Education Policy, 1986 and Chairman of its Sub-Committee on Non-Formal Methods of Education.
- Member and Patron Delhi Public School Society (1968-continued).
- Honorary Fellow of the Institution of Engineers, India.
- Chairman, Review Committee on Unani Medicine, Ministry of Health, Government of India.
- Chairman, Selection Board of Scientists Pool from 1968 until 79.
- Chairman of the Board of Assessment of Educational and Technical Qualification for Employment, Ministry of Education, Government of India from 1967 until 79.
- The American, British and Indian Chemical Societies.
- American Association for the Advancement of Science.
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More List of Chemists in India and Their Contribution
C. N. R. Rao
Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar
Prafulla Chandra Ray
Har Gobind Khorana
Well, there are more list of chemists in India and their contributions that useful for nowadays life.